bayah) is a city in southern Hungary. It is the second
largest city in Bács-Kiskun county after the county seat Kecskemét.
The city's name
The city's name comes from an old noble family name; the Baja family
was the first proprietor of this area. The name means
is located about 150 km south of Budapest and 108 km southwest of
Kecskemét, at the crossing of Road 55 and Road 51, on the river
Danube. Baja's main river is Sugovica (also called
As of 2001, the city has 38,143 residents:93,5% Hungarians2,7%
Germans1,3% Croatians0,4% Serbians0,1% Slovaks and
There are 15,613 houses.
The city is first mentioned in 1308. During the Turkish Conquest in
the 16th and 17th centuries it was the official center for the region
(nahije) and it possessed a fortification. This era saw the
immigration of Bunjevci and Serbs into the town. There was also an
active Fransiscan mission with monks from Bosnia.
When Hungary was a
part of the Habsburg Empire, the city was also settled by Germans and
Hungarians alongside some Jews. Due to its location on the Danube, it
became a transportation and commercial hub for the region. This was
where grain and wine was loaded onto boats to be transported upriver
to Austria and Germany. Until 1765, the inhabitants belonged to three
nations; the Dalmatians (Bunjevci), the Germans and the Serbs.
Following this, according to a government decree the Natio Dalmatica
was changed into the Natio Hungarica, but even in 1768, the elected
mayor swore the oath in the Croatian language in the Franciscan
In 1699, Baja was Bács county's most 'industrialised'
city.In the 19th century Baja it became a minor railway hub, but its
importance declined as the railway to Fiume (today: Rijeka) was built
in order to get Hungarian grain seaborne. The city was still a
commercial and service center for the region.
After World War I,
Serbs occupied the city. After they left, the city became the capital
of the reduced county of Bács-Bodrog. (See Treaty of Trianon.)
Following World War II, the city became known for its textile mill and
the bridge over the Danube. Its importance is still evident as people
from the Bácska region of Hungary come for higher education,
government and business services.
to 1715 data, the population of Baja numbered 237 houses, of which
216 were South Slavic (Serb and Bunjevac), 16 Hungarian, and 5
Population between 1870-2001:<table
153</td></tr><tr><td><b>Density</b></td><td> </td> <td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td>209,2/km<sup>2</sup></td></tr></table>
Tourists should visit one of the museums and art galleries in the
city, taste the finest fish soup
in a restaurant, or have a
rest at the beach (Sugovica Beach, free).Baja is an ideal place to
start discovering southern Hungary; for example, it's close to the
Gemenc forest (see
http://www.gemenc.hu). Baja is the best place for fishing of course.
Discover the universe from the
<!-- has to be be moved to
WikiTRavel // Hotels
Address: 6. Szentháromság Square, Baja, 6500.
- Hotel Duna *** (room service, TV, Internet access, fax,
printing, 24h reception, wellness center, restaurant, drink bar, 53
rooms). For more information, see
Address: Pf. 32, Petőfi-sziget, Baja 6500.
- Hotel Sugovica*** (Prices $US 35 to $US 58, telephone,
television, bar, restaurant, parking, ports).
Address: 19-21. Bokodi Street, Baja, 6500.
- Akva Hotel&Camping (8 rooms, next to the Danube).
- Hotel Ba-Na-Ra (restaurant, garage&parking, television, max.
Culture and education
There are 15 churches in the city. Baja's library (Ady Endre
) has a very large collection of books made before
the 18th century.
Baja has a railway station, a small airport, and a
bridge across the Danube. Baja's 220 years old hospital serves about
The city's education is very good; one of Hungary's
best high schools is there (Béla III High School; ). There's a college (József Eötvös
College; ), too.
The MNÁMK (Magyarországi Németek Általános Művelődési Központja;
English: General Cultivation Center of Germans Living in
) is internationally respected for providing German
education for the German minority living in Bácska, and in Hungary.
Students get up-to-date education with modern tools useing their
The Endre Ady Library
Baja's library got its name from the famous Hungarian poet, Endre
Ady. The library's building used to be Baja's synagogue. The building
was offered by the city's Jewish community. The Holocaust memorial
stands in the synagogue's garden.
The library's "Ancient
book" collection includes 4,352 volumes, and a lot more writing,
because many of the volumes are collectives (for example, one of them
contains 17 writings). The library has three incunabulums.
Famous people from Baja
- Lázár Mészáros, Hungary's first Minister of War;
- Kálmán Tóth, famous poet;
- István Türr, Garibaldi's general.
- József Bayer, member of MTA
- Jenő Ernst, doctor, biologist, member of MTA
- Dénes Jánossy, mailing member of MTA
- András Jelky, a man who travelled around the world in a strange
- Dezső Miskolczy, respected explorer of the mental disease, member
- Emma Sándor, composer, wife of Zoltán Kodály
- Ede Telcs, sculptor
Baja is twinned with:Argentan, FranceSombor, Serbia and
MontenegroWaiblingen, GermanyThisted, Denmark
Note: You should have to download a plugin before visiting these
- Baja, river of Sugovica (username: sugo ; password: baja) -
- Baja, Holy Trinity Square (currently under reconstruction)
(username: beke ; password: baja) -
- Baja, Danube bridge (username: duna ; password: baja) -
Cities, towns and villages in HungaryCities, towns and
villages in Bács-Kiskun countyBačka